· Vatican City ·

Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re presides at Mass in the Vatican Basilica

The Eucharist, the strength
to face challenges
of the pandemic

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09 April 2021

On Holy Thursday, 1 April, Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re, Dean of the College of Cardinals, presided at the Holy Mass of the Lord’s Supper (“In Coena Domini”) in the Vatican Basilica. Concelebrating with him were cardinals, bishops, senior members of the Secretariat of State led by Secretary of State Cardinal Pietro Parolin and canons of the Basilica. After Mass, which this year did not include the traditional rite of the washing of the feet and the offertory procession, the concelebrants proceeded to the chapel of Saint Joseph, where Cardinal Re led the silent adoration of the Most Holy Sacrament. The following is a translation of the Cardinal’s homily, which he delivered in Italian.

“Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart out of this world to the Father, having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end” (Jn 13:1).

These solemn words of the Evangelist John, that resounded a few moments ago, introduce the account of the washing of the feet of the disciples on the part of Our Lord Jesus Christ and open the memory of the gift of himself that Jesus left us in the hour of his farewell; at the same time, they initiate the great discourse he made on the eve of his offering of himself to the Father for our salvation.

This Eucharistic Celebration, laden with an extraordinary intensity of sentiment and thought, makes us relive the evening in which Christ, surrounded by his Apostles in the Cenacle, instituted the Eucharist and the priesthood and entrusted us with the commandment of fraternal love.

“He loved them to the end”; this touching affirmation means that he loved them to the point of dying on the cross the following day, on Good Friday. However, it also means love to the extreme, that is, to the highest and unsurpassable degree of the capacity to love.

Holy Thursday evening, therefore, reminds us how much we have been loved; it tells us that the Son of God, out of his love for us, gave us not something, but he gave us himself — His Body and His Blood — that is, the totality of his person, and that, for our redemption, he accepted to suffer the most ignominious death, offering himself as a victim: “No one takes my life from me, but I lay it down of my own accord” (cf. Jn 10:18).

The existence of the Eucharist can only be explained because Christ loved us and wanted to draw near to each of us forever, until the end of the world. Only a God could have imagined such a great gift and only an infinite power and love could have brought it about.

The Church has always considered the Sacrament of the Eucharist as the most precious gift with which she has been endowed. It is the gift through which Christ walks with us as light, as strength, as nourishment, as help in all the days of our history.

Speaking of the Eucharist, the Second Vatican Council affirmed that it is “is the summit toward which the activity of the Church is directed; at the same time it is the font from which all her power flows” (Sacrosanctum Concilium, 10); it is “the fount and apex of the whole Christian life” (Lumen Gentium, 11).

Using the terms “font and summit”, “fount and apex”, the Second Vatican Council wanted to say that in the life and mission of the Church, everything comes from the Eucharist and everything leads to the Eucharist.

The Eucharist is the centre and heart of the life of the Church. It must be the centre and heart of the life of every Christian as well. Those who believe in the Eucharist never feel alone in life. They know that in the dimness and in the silence of all the churches, there is Someone who knows their name and their story, Someone who loves them, who waits for them and who gladly listens. And each of us can confide what is in our heart and receive comfort, strength and peace of heart, before the tabernacle.

The Eucharist is a reality not only to be believed, but to be lived. Christ’s love for us impels us to give witness of mutual love on our part. The Eucharist is a call to openness toward others, to fraternal love, to know how to forgive and to help those in difficulty; it is an invitation to solidarity, to support one another, to abandon no one; it is a call to an industrious commitment to the poor, the suffering, the marginalized; it is the light to recognize the face of Christ in the faces of our brothers and sisters, especially in the wounded and most in need.

The second mystery we recall this evening is the institution of the Catholic priesthood. Christ, the true priest, said to the Apostles: “Do this — that is, the Sacrament of the Eucharist — in memory of me”. And three days later, on Easter Sunday evening, he also said to the Apostles: “Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven” (Jn 20:23). In this way, Christ transmitted the priestly powers to the Apostles so that the Eucharist and the sacrament of forgiveness would continue to be renewed in the Church. He gave humanity an incomparable gift.

On Holy Thursdays of years past, after this Mass In Coena Domini, it was customary to prolong the adoration of the Eucharist throughout the night with various initiatives of prayer and adoration and moments of great religious intensity. The dramatic situation created by Covid-19 and the risk of contamination, unfortunately, do not allow this this year, just as occurred last year. Returning, however, to our homes, we must continue to pray with our thoughts and our hearts filled with gratitude for Jesus Christ, who wanted to remain present among us as our contemporary under the appearances of bread and wine.

From him, who experienced physical suffering and loneliness in his flesh and in his spirit, we want to draw the strength we need, now more than ever, to face the great challenges of this pandemic that is killing thousands of victims every day throughout the planet. We have experienced in a universal way how a small virus can bring the entire world to its knees. In order to end this tragedy, we must resort to all the human means that science puts at our disposal, but another irreplaceable step is needed: we must raise a great hymn of prayer so that the hand of God may come to our aid and end this tragic situation that has worrying consequences in the fields of health, employment, economy, education, and direct relationships with people. As Christ himself taught us, it is necessary to go and knock loudly on the door of God, the Father Almighty (cf. Mt 7:7-8).

One last thought. The evening that reveals the highest manifestation of love and friendship toward us is also the evening of betrayal. Around the same table in the Cenacle, God’s love and man’s betrayal faced each other. Saint Paul highlights this in the Second Reading of the Mass: “on the night when he was betrayed”.

In the story of the boundless love of Christ, who loved us “till the end”, there is the bitterness of human disloyalty and betrayal.

Holy Thursday is, therefore, also an invitation to become aware of our own sins; it is a call to put some order in our lives and to embark on the path of repentance and renewal to obtain God’s forgiveness.

In the Eucharist, God drew so near to us that we must never feel abandoned, because we are always sought by him, loved and invited to obtain the joy of his forgiveness with repentance and with the Sacrament of Reconciliation, and to begin a spiritual recovery with hearts more open to God and to all our brothers and sisters.