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History

 

A concentration camp for women

From 1939 to 1945 Ravensbrück, a hundred kilometres north of Berlin, was the location of a concentration camp for women. The camp which, in the ...

Business as usual

“We are conscious that this is a historic date but it will be business as usual.” This recent and simple Buckingham Palace announcement is characteristic ...

Under a tent in Runnymede

On Monday 15 June, Her Majesty The Queen will be joined by dignitaries from the United Kingdom and around the world at a meadow called ...

The woman who betrayed Anne Frank

The question of who betrayed Anne Frank – who sent the Gestapo on 4 August 1944 to arrest the eight Jews hidden behind a bookcase ...

The cry of Auschwitz

“Auschwitz cries out with the pain of immense suffering and pleads for a future of respect, peace and encounter among peoples”. With this tweet, Pope ...

One hundred years of diplomacy

This year, we are rightly commemorating the outbreak of the First World War, a pivotal moment in world history. Celebration would be the wrong word ...

Against nationalism

Throughout the world celebrations are being held in commemoration of 100 years from the start of the First World War, a tragedy which shocked the ...

The courage of the Brigettines

The subject of the plight of Jews in Rome during World War II continues to excite much interest, often generating more heat than light. The ...

I was one of those Jewish children

In June 2013, Giovanni Preziosi wrote an article for L'Osservatore in which he recalled the the Sisters of Jesus the Redeemer who aided Jewish children ...

Between realism and utopia

This year will mark the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of the First World War. It was the first mass war in modern times, the ...

Surviving twice

After the war, how can you go one living with the daily reminder of the unspeakable horrors you lived through, those horrors committed by man ...

The long century of Constantine

Few rulers have set in motion changes of such momentous consequences for the future of Europe as those associated with the conversion of Constantine to ...

The chastening of nation and of Church

Present-day Americans who were alive on 22 November 1963, the day when President John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated, can tell you precisely where they were ...

That tragic day: 16 October 1943

The presence of Enzo Camerino at the Holy Mass celebrated by Pope Francis this morning, Wednesday 16 October, in the Chapel of Santa Marta was ...

A man like yourselves

On 4 October 1965 Paul VI travelled to New York for the General Assembly of the United Nations to speak to the world's representatives. The ...

The dream of Martin Luther King

The marchers, about 1 million strong, came from across the United States and throughout the city of Washington. On that unforgettable day, Aug. 28, 1963, ...

Washington sends reparation for the bombing on Pius XII's refugees

Myron C. Taylor, personal representative of the President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Holy See, beginning in 1939, published the correspondence ...

Pius XII and the scourge of war

The United States Air Force bombed Rome on 19 July 1943. Fr Egidio Picucci has brought to life that Monday, 70 years ago when the ...

Meant to mar the Church of Pius XII

Giovanni Palatucci, police superintendent of Fiume in 1944, was arrested by the Germans and died in Dachau in February 1945. Declared Righteous Among the Nations ...

History must not be abused

The Vatican, finance and Fascism — all, of course, seasoned with secrecy — are the appetizing ingredients of the supposed scoop in The Guardian , ...

The Pope’s dollars against Hitler

This is an unknown history that obliges us to chart new financial statements. A story of espionage, secret contacts, highly sensitive documents — which have ...

A forgotten exodus

There were between 850,000 and 1 million Jews who lived in Arab countries in 1948. By 1976, there was only 25,000. In one generation, that ...

Instructions for use for preachers and confessors

Gregory VII's pontificate was both significant and difficult and in the end was seen by the Pope as a defeat. It was a pontificate marked ...

Five centuries of blinding light

Every day at least 10,000 people – 20,000 in high-tourist season – enter the Sistine Chapel. People from all backgrounds, languages and cultures, from every ...

Dressed to escape, even at night

16 October 1943 represents one of the most dramatic days in Italian history, marked by shame and grief due to the despicable roundup in the ...

The mission of Raoul

The centenary of the birth of Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who in Hungary saved thousand of Jews in 1944, falls this year. Even if ...

The Holy Thursday of Vittorio Emanuele Orlando

During the summer months Vittorio Emanuele Orlando was in the habit of writing a diary. In the forced seclusion of the winter of 1943 to ...

Journalists and martyrs

Seventy years ago, on 26 July 1942, Fr Titus Brandsma was killed in Dachau. This is the Dutch Carmelite who was elevated in 1985 to ...

The hospital in the rock

There are many ways of retracing a city's history in the attempt to gain a deeper knowledge of topical moments and important decisions. For Budapest ...

I leave you an open door

Interest in the person of Matteo Ricci, the Jesuit who at the end of the 1500's opened to Europe the path to China, shows no ...

The story of the ruthless population surgery

The 100-years stretching from the Crimean War (1853) to Stalin's death (1953) were marked by the total of about 30 million people victims of forced ...

A bishop in a mission land

The memory of Cardinal Suhard, Archbishop of Paris from 1940 to 1949, is still linked to the famous title – La France , pays de ...

An anti-Hitler leaflet

The icon of St Alexander of Munich shows him holding a white rose. Last February the Orthodox Church beatified Alexander Schmorell, a witness to and ...

My carriage for the Pope

“The death of Countess Teresa Spaur, whose name may perhaps be remembered in connection with that of His Holiness [Pius IX], died in Vienna”, The ...

"Finally I have reached happiness"

The following are excerpts of an unpublished letter sent to the Superior General of the Jesuits, Fr Everardo Mercuriano, on the eve of the great ...

The warped gaze on the Christian martyrs of Communism

Although “there were more martyrs for the faith under Communism than at any other time in Church history, there appears to be no haste or ...

And Commandant Vero knocked at the  Mother Adele's door

Rivers of ink have flowed to date in writings on the Resistance. Yet it is only in recent times that a historiographical trend has emerged ...

That Jesuit on the Titanic

“Mr Browne, the Jesuit”, a figure which appears in Finnegans Wake by Joyce, was inspired by a real person. Behind the Jesuit, in fact, was ...

One thousand and seven hundred years ago the 'Constantinian turning-point'

On Tuesday morning, 17 April, a press conference was held at the Holy See Press Office to present the international study congress: “Constantine the Great. ...

What fosters ritualization

At the seminar on “The ritualization of memory and the Representation of Denial” organized by the University of Bologna as part of an initiative related ...

11,541 empty seats

There will be 11,541 empty seats, spanning a kilometre along Maresciallo Tito Avenue , Sarajevo's main street, for a concert organized to mark the 6 ...

Realism and patience

When Pope Paul VI was elected Pope, the head of the pontifical representation in Madrid was the Nuncio Antonio Riberi, already there a year. His ...

The Council's last document

The Pope felt the Second Vatican Council bore “traces of Pentecost” and was a great gift to the Church since it represented a reliable compass ...

A barn owl in the hearth

Hadji Murat , a book by Tolstoy from 1912 set in the city of Caucasus where the author was once a young officer, speaks about ...

In the Bishop's library the "Constantinian turn" is depicted

Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea and librarian. This is a deliberately unusual title. Pope Benedict XVI, during his General Audience in St Peter's Square on 13 ...

From the provinces but not in the least provincial

Giuseppe Bastia was a convinced Catholic and the “intransigent” companion of Nicola Zanchini in the foundation and editorship of L'Osservatore Romano . That he was ...

Celebrating together a common history

One hundred and fifty years have passed since the Unification of Italy and the establishment of L’Osservatore Romano . The celebration of this mutual anniversary ...

150 years of Italy and the “Osservatore”

A summary of the history of the relationship between Church and State beginning with the Roman Question in 1860, moving on to the Lateran Pacts ...

Revealed with pride and without remorse

The exhibition “Lux in arcana. The Vatican Secret Archives Revealed” at the Capitoline Museums in Rome opened to the public on Wednesday afternoon, 29 February. ...

Gabriele responds

The message I received was like a bolt of lightning out of the blue and prevented me from sending the monograph on Alessandra Di Rudinì ...

The great family of Father Philip

Four hundred years ago, on 24 February 1612, with the Brief Christifidelium Quorumlibet Pope Paul V approved the Constitutions of the Congregation of The Oratory. ...

What did you see in my face?

We are publishing the preface to the book: “Il volto. Principio di interiorità. Edith Stein, Etty Hillesum” (Milan, Marietti, 96 pages, 14 euros) by Cristiana ...

Thirty years ago

Thirty years ago, on 15 February 1982, it was announced that John Paul II, complying with the wishes of Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, was relieving him ...

11 February

The recent celebrations of the 150th anniversary of the Unification of Italy have, among other things, promoted a more thoughtful reflection on the historical development ...

60 years of service

6 February 2012 was a day of both sad reflection and celebration for millions of Britons, as well as the citizens of 15 other countries ...

Garibaldi in the Sistine

Almost all great men have the same fault: they believe they are immortal. Very few have the foresight to prepare for their own succession. This ...

That which sets us free

For more than 10 years, as the Italian law n. 1777 of 2000 which instituted the Day of Commemoration states, we remember “the destruction of ...

The free voice of the Church

The topic – the Church which invades spaces of public freedom – is taken for granted and also taken for granted is the viewpoint of ...

Mud on Paul VI

After an address given by Paul VI on 27 September 1975 (cf. article published in the daily edition of L'Osservatore Romano on 26 November, p. ...

The Bible that made England

The 400th anniversary of the English translation of the Bible, named after King James, was recently celebrated in the Cathedral of Canterbury. The following is ...

Note with pastoral recommendations for the Year of Faith

Introduction With the Apostolic Letter of 11 October 2011, Porta fidei , Pope Benedict XVI declared a Year of Faith . This year will begin ...

The global patronage of Pius IX

With the end of 2011 comes the end of the year of celebrations for the 150th anniversary of the unity of Italy. It is a ...

When salvation came from the Caelian Hill

Even before the collapse of Fascism the Camaldolese monastery of San Gregorio al Celio in Rome, heir to a 1,500-year-old cultural tradition, was distinguished by ...

From modernism to Vatican II

On Thursday, November 17 at the Institut français, Centre Saint-Louis in Rome, the conference, “Le Cardinal Tisserant. Une figure française à Rome,” will be held. ...

To God that which is God’s

Monsignor Giovanni Battista Montini had followed the official negotiations from the Secretariat of State for the 1953 concordat with Spain; an untenable concordat after Vatican ...

The Bishop that wrote even at death's door

It is the first of November, 1584 and Carlo cannot walk; helped by his aides, he celebrates his last mass in Arona. The next day, ...

Do not renounce the challenge of difficult youth

On October 26th in the Protomoteca Room in the City of Rome, a conference was organized by the Pontifical Faculty of the Science of Auxiliary ...

The dissident who studied religions

Twenty years on from his death, on May 21, 1991, Ioan Petru Culianu does not cease to arouse interest. In his homeland of Romania, he ...

A little more than eating

From food as a simple staple of bodily survival to food which becomes a symbol and nourishes the spirit: from the material to the immaterial. ...

The real pearl of the house of Freud

Goce Smilevski is a young and unknown Macedonian writer. Or at least he was unknown until the clamorous success of his intense and absorbing novel, ...

Franciscans and united Italy

“On October 20, 1873, the government took possession of the Convent and sent the Notary, Venuti, with two witnesses and the city assessor, Placido di ...

Anti-Nazi happiness

“It is necessary to do good while one is in this world” was the motto that sustained the incredible activity of Eugenia Schwarzwald: at least ...

The deeply religious women who adorned the Church

The studies are published in two large volumes, Mulieres in Ecclesia, storie di monache e bizzoche (Fondazione centro italiano degli studi sull'alto medioevo, Spoleto 2010), ...

In the heart of the Catholic Reform

Short pontificates often prompt the words “ Magis ostensus quam datus” (demonstrated rather than offered) of the inscription on the tomb in St Peter's of ...

The dream of Nicholas V

On Saturday, 17 September, the birthplace of Pope Nicholas V, the founder of the Vatican Apostolic Library, the book “Le origine della Biblioteca Vaticana tra ...

How wonderful it is to do somersaults on Mussolini's bed

On 2 April 1950, number 17 of “L’illustrazione italiana” published an article by Corrado Sofia which reported a unique event. In the last months of ...

Mission in Croatia on behalf of Pius XII

While the Second World War was blazing on the European continent, Benedictine abott, Monsignor Giuseppe Ramiro Marcone, was sent, in the summer of 1941, by ...

A bulwark against the aberation

On 3 August 1941 the strong and unequivocal words of Bishop Clemens August von Galen rang out in the Church of St Lambert in Münster, ...

We won’t give a genius to Hitler

“When I listen to too much Wagner, I get the urge to invade Poland.” Woody Allen’s joke makes you laugh, but through clenched teeth, because ...

McLuhan, much cited, but little known

“McLuhan? In the beginning he was snubbed by many, but this year for the 100th anniversary of his birth (July 21, 1911), the world is ...

That story through which the thread of God passes

In the volume, Scritti Liturgici. Riflessioni, appunti, saggi (1930-1939) – Brescia-Roma, Instituto Paolo VI – Studium, 2010 – some of the oldest texts of Giovanni ...

A peaceful rebel

The 25 th anniversary of his death (1984-2009) has provided the occasion for a group of scholars connected to the teaching and memory of Raoul ...

The redemption of a forgotten world

An overall consideration of Manselli’s historiography of Pietro di Giovanni Olivi and Franciscan spiritualism shows it to be a fundamental page in the Italian historiography ...

Who really was Giacomo Matteotti

The scholar who attempts a reconstruction of the human and political events in the life of Giacomo Mattetotti almost inevitably runs a risk: that the ...

"Dear Monsignor, if you only knew..."

In 1842, publishing his “Esthetic Dictionary” in Venice, Niccolo Tommaseo, the Italian writer and patriot described the “Letters of illustrious Italians,” in this way: “There ...

Forty years at the service of the pastoral charitable works of the Church

Paul VI: The Foundation On July 15, 1971, through the Apostolic Letter Amoris Officio , Pope Paul VI established the Pontifical Council Cor Unum . ...

'Peter in Rome' is carved on the rock

The Osservatore Romano of February 11 and 13, 1872 in its column, “Citizen News” published an exhaustive and detailed account of the “Dispute between Catholic ...

Pius XII helped the Jews of Rome

The following is a translation of the address which was given in Italian by the Ambassador of Israel to the Holy See on 23 June, ...

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St. Peter’s Square

Jan. 18, 2018